Time Travel Vocabulary

Here you can find the definitions for all the bold terms on each of the adventure pages!

Ancient Egypt


afterlife: the concept that life continues after death

artifact: an object made by humans

canopic jars: jars used to store organs for safekeeping for the afterlife in ancient Egypt

millennia: 1,000 years

obelisk: a tall stone monument with a pyramid like shape on the top

pharaoh: ancient Egyptian ruler

hieroglyphics: ancient Egyptian writing

sarcophagus: a stone coffin

Ancient Greece


architecture: The art or science of designing and creating buildings

column: Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian; three styles of the architectural support innovated by the Greeks


direct democracy: Direct participation of citizens in democratic decision making

representative democracy: Major decisions are made through elected officials

Hercules (or Herakles): ancient Greek hero who was the son of Zeus

immortal: not mortal; able to live forever

mythology: the myths of a particular group or culture

pantheon of deities: the gods of a particular country or group of people

sarcophagus: a stone coffin

A New nation


citizen: A person who legally belongs to a country and has rights and protection of the country

colonial: colony: an area under the control of another country

inauguration: ceremony to mark the commencement of a new presidency in the United States

revolution: a major change in a society



century: 100 years

elevated train: Railway with tracks above street level

infrastructure: the basic structures needed for a place such as roads and bridges

pedestrian: a person walking

urban: relating to cities



immigration: Coming to another country to live

Gilded Age: a term coined by Mark Twain to describe the disparity of wealth at the turn of the century

Progressive Era: A political and social-reform movement that brought major changes to American politics and government during the first two decades of the 20th century.

push-pull factor: The idea that people immigrate because they are pulled to another place, or pushed from where they are from

tenement: an apartment, often refers to the overcrowded apartments of an urban area