Time Travel Vocabulary

Here you can find the definitions for all the bold terms on each of the adventure pages!

Ancient Egypt


afterlife: the concept that life continues after death

artifact: an object made by humans

canopic jars: jars used to store organs for safekeeping for the afterlife in ancient Egypt

millennia: 1,000 years

obelisk: a tall stone monument with a pyramid like shape on the top

pharaoh: ancient Egyptian ruler

hieroglyphics: ancient Egyptian writing

sarcophagus: a stone coffin

Ancient Greece


architecture: The art or science of designing and creating buildings

column: Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian; three styles of the architectural support innovated by the Greeks


direct democracy: Direct participation of citizens in democratic decision making

representative democracy: Major decisions are made through elected officials

Hercules (or Herakles): ancient Greek hero who was the son of Zeus

immortal: not mortal; able to live forever

mythology: the myths of a particular group or culture

pantheon of deities: the gods of a particular country or group of people

sarcophagus: a stone coffin

A New nation


citizen: A person who legally belongs to a country and has rights and protection of the country

colonial: colony: an area under the control of another country

inauguration: ceremony to mark the commencement of a new presidency in the United States

revolution: a major change in a society



century: 100 years

elevated train: Railway with tracks above street level

infrastructure: the basic structures needed for a place such as roads and bridges

pedestrian: a person walking

urban: relating to cities



immigration: Coming to another country to live

Gilded Age: a term coined by Mark Twain to describe the disparity of wealth at the turn of the century

Progressive Era: A political and social-reform movement that brought major changes to American politics and government during the first two decades of the 20th century.

push-pull factor: The idea that people immigrate because they are pulled to another place, or pushed from where they are from

tenement: an apartment, often refers to the overcrowded apartments of an urban area

The Great Depression and the New Deal


Economics: a science concerned with the process or system by which goods and services are produced, sold, and bought

The Great Depression: worldwide economic downturn that began in 1929 and lasted until about 1939.

The New Deal: programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, that included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term (1933–1937) of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Public Works: the work of building things such as roads and bridges by the government

Works Progress Administration: the Works Progress Administration was a New Deal Agency employing millions of unemployed people to carry out public works.